普洱茶百科,普洱茶知識大全

2018年6月22日21:44:58 發表評論

普洱茶簡介

puerchashuyuheicha,yinchandijiushuyunnanpuerfu(jinpuershi),gudeming。xianzaifanzhipuerchaqushengchandecha,shiyigongrenpuerchaqudeyunnandaxiezhongshaiqingmaochaweiyuanliao,jingguohoufajiaojiagongchengdesanchahejinyacha。”puerchashi“kerukoudegudong”,butongyubiedechaguizaixin,puerchaguizai“chen”wangwanghuisuizhushijianzhujianshengzhi。

普洱茶百科,普洱茶知識大全

普洱茶的保健作用

1、減肥、降脂、防治動脈硬化

大赢家斗地主赚金版chaduofenmingxianyizhitineidanguchun、ganyousanzhi(junweixuezhizhuyaochengfen)hanliangdeshangsheng,bingnengcujinzhileihuahewucongfenbianzhongpaichu,huannengfasongmaoxixueguanbidedanxing,yinci,duifangzhidongmozhouyinghua、gaoxueyajifeipangdoujuyouzhongyaozuoyong。

2、防治冠心病

guanxinbing,youchengguanzhuangdongmozhouyangyinghuaxingxinzangbing。suoyiyinchaduifangzhiguanxinbingyouxiao。jutongjiziliaobiaoming,buhechadeguanxinbingfabinglvwei3.1%,ouerhechadejiangwei2.3%,changhechade(hesannianyishang)zhiyou1.4%。ciwai,guanxinbingdejiaju,yuguanzhuangdongmogongxuebuzujixueshuanxingchengyouguan。

3、降壓

gaoxueyazhishousuoyahuokuozhangyazenggao,chaoguozhengchangshuiping。dongmoyinghuabudandaozhiguanxinbing,yugaoxueyaguanxiyeshifenmiqie。jiangya、jijiangdixueya。chaxiezhongdechaduofen、weishengsucheweishengsupdengdoushifangzhigaoxueyadeyouxiaochengfen。

4、抗衰老

大赢家斗地主赚金版rentizhongzhizhiguoyanghuaguochengyizhengmingshishuailaodejizhizhiyi,caiyongyixiejuyougaoyanghuazuoyongdehuahewuweishengsuc。weishengsuenengyanhuanshuailao。chaxiezhongbujinyoujiaoduodeweishengsucyue,erqiechaduofenhuanqizhongyaozuoyong。

5、抗癌

chaxiekangaishifanzhiduigezhongexingzhongliudefangzhizuoyong。woguoyufangkexueyuancengdui140yuzhongchaxiejinxinghuotinei。tiwaidekexueshiyan、daliangshujudexianshikendinglechaxiedekangaijikangtubianzuoyong。zhuyaoduizhiaixingyaxiaojihuahewudexingchengjuyouzuduanzuoyong。

普洱茶基本分類

按壓制形狀分類

1、餅茶:扁平圓盤狀,其中七子餅每塊凈重357克,每七個為一提,每筒重2500克,故名七子餅。

2、 沱茶:形狀跟飯碗一般大小,每個凈重100克、250克,現在還有迷你小沱茶每個凈重2克—5克。

3、 磚茶:長方形或正方形,250克—1000克居多,制成這種形狀主要是為了便于運送。

4、 金瓜貢茶:壓制成大小不等的半瓜形,從100克到數百斤均有。普洱茶

5、 千兩茶:大赢家斗地主赚金版壓制成大小不等的緊壓條型,每條茶條重量都比較重(最小的條茶都有100斤左右),故名:千兩茶

6、 散茶:制茶過程中未經過緊壓成型,茶葉狀為散條型的普洱茶為散茶,分為用整張茶葉制成的索條粗壯肥大的葉片茶,也有用芽尖部分制成的細小條狀的芽尖茶。

7、 香菇緊茶:大赢家斗地主赚金版壓制成香菇狀的普洱茶,重量約在250克之間。

8、 柱茶:壓制成長柱狀的普洱茶,再用竹片或荀殼包扎在外面,重量小至100克,大至千克以上。

9、 七子餅:圓形的茶餅通常七餅包裝成一提,所以稱為七子餅,重量小至25克,大至3公斤。

10、小金沱:圓形的沱茶,時尚攜帶、網絡最為流傳,重量2克。世界最小普洱茶。

普洱茶按發酵工藝分類

1.生茶 是新鮮的茶葉采摘后以自然的方式陳放,未經過渥堆發酵處理。生茶茶性較烈,刺激。 新制或陳放不久的生茶有強烈的苦味,色味湯色較淺或黃綠,生茶適合飲用 長久儲藏 年復一年看著生普洱葉子顏色的漸漸變深。 香味越來越醇厚。

2.熟茶大赢家斗地主赚金版 是經過渥堆發酵使茶性趨向溫和, 熟普具有溫和的茶性,茶水絲滑柔順,醇香濃郁,更適合日常飲用 質量上乘的熟普,熟普也是值得珍藏的,同樣熟普的香味也仍會隨著陳化的時間而變得越來越柔順,濃郁。以1973年為分界點,1973年之前沒有熟茶。

普洱茶產品分類

依存放方式分類

干倉普洱:指存放于通風、干燥及清潔的倉庫,使茶葉自然發酵,陳化10~20年為佳。

濕倉普洱:通常放置于較潮濕的地方,如地下室、地窖,以加快其發酵速度。由于茶葉內含物破壞較多,常有泥味或霉味,濕倉普洱陳化速度雖較干倉普洱快,但容易產生霉變,對人體健康不利,所以我們不主張銷售及飲用濕倉普洱。

普洱茶等級分類

大赢家斗地主赚金版puerchakeangao、zhong、didangfendengji。chaxiecaizhaishi,xieheyatongshipuerchacai,yibancongchashuzhitiaodejianwangxiacaizhaidaodisanxie:yixieyiyadecaiyiya、erxieyiyadecaiyixieyiya、sanxieyiyadecaierxieyiya。fenjishi,jibiegaodeyaduo,jibiedidexieduogengduo。

1. 高檔次茶如:金瓜貢茶、宮廷、禮茶、特級。

2. 中檔次茶如:一級、三級磚茶,沱茶、一級到五級散茶。

3. 低檔次茶:低等級是七到十級的散茶。

普洱茶選擇技巧

puerchadenianfen、chandi、pinzhongdengyinsujuedingqijiage,yibaneryan,puerchadenianfenyuejiujiageyuegao,liru2005niandecha,jiageshi1800yuan/jin,2010niantongyangdecha,kenengjiujinzhi120yuan/jin。ciwai,puerchadechandiyeshiyingxiangqijiagedezhuyaoyinsu。gushuchashuliangshao,qichaxiejiagejiugao。yinci,dajiaxuangoupuershiyidingyaokanqingtadechandi,nianfenheshulingdeng,buyaohuayuanwangqian。yunnanyouhenduodechaxieshichang,yidingyaorenzhenbianbie。

不同季節選不同茶

sheng、shupuerchaxingnenghegongxiaobuyi,duirentidebaojianzuoyongyebujinxiangtong,suijijiejinxingxuanchabianhua,congergenghaodigenjuchaxietexing、gongxiaoxuanzeyincha。

春季飲茶重養生

chunjirentichuyushufazhiji,kexuanzeyouyidingziranfajiaochengdudepuerchahuoshengshuhunpindepuercha,zheyangdechajiyouwenxing,youyouhuoxing,gengliyusanfadongtianjiyuzairentineidehanxie,nengcujinrentiyangqishengfa,shirenjingshenzhenfen,xiaochuchunkun,zengqiangjibingdediyunengli。

夏季飲茶益祛暑

大赢家斗地主赚金版xiajirushuzhengren,cishiyiyinshengcha,qiweilveku,chaxingpianhan,juyouxiaore、xiaoshu、jiedu、quhuo、jiangzao、zhike、shengjin、qiangxintishendegongneng,shengchafuhanchaduofen、kafeijian、anjisuan、weishengsudengyingyangchengfen,yinzhijiyouxiaoshujierezhigong,youjuzengtianyingyangzhixiao。

秋季飲茶強健體

大赢家斗地主赚金版qiujitianqiganzao,“zaoqidangling”,changshirenkouganshezao,yihebanshengshufajiaochengdudepuercha,yekeshengchaheshuchahunyong,quqiliangzhegongxiao。zheyangyinyongchaxingshizhong,jiehushengshuchazhijian,buhanbure,henshiheqiutianqihou。

冬季飲茶保健康

dongjiyangshengzhongzaiyuhanbaonuan,tigaokangbingnengli,cishiyiheshupuercha,qisehehong,nuanyimanhuaiqieshuchaxingweiganwen,shanxuyangqi,shengrenuanfu,nenggouqiangshenbuti,jianai、tangdiaoyinfangxiangbugai,congerzengqiangrentiduidongjiqihoudeshiyingnengli。zaiguji《yuanmaotingcaifang》zhongyouzheyangdexushu:puerchajuyou“bangzhuxiaohua,qusanhanleng,youjieduzuoyong。”

普洱茶百科,普洱茶知識大全

普洱茶辨別方法

從香氣辨別

大赢家斗地主赚金版puershuchayinweishijingguowodui,suoyihuichanshengyigushuwei。yibanzhiyoushinianchenqiyineidegancangshucha (yichuantongshuofa,weicengmeibianguodechapinweigancangcha),keyicongxingchabiaomianwenchuyigushuchawei。yuezaishinianzhiershinianzuoyou,neigubiaomianshuchaweiyijingxiaoshi,zekecongchatangzhongganjuechushuweixiang。yijiuqisannianjianyoujinchadecailiaogaizuochengdediyipishuzhuancha,chengzhiwei「73houzhuancha」,zhijinyijingjiangjinsishinianle,wuluncongxingchahuochatang,douzaiyemeiyoushuweiganjue,queyouyigu「chenxiang」。chenxiangshiyoushuwei,jingguochangqigancangchenhuaerzhuanbianguolaizuihaodeshuchachaxiang。shuchawei、shuweihechenxiangshizuizhijieeryouxiaofenbianshengchaheshuchadefangfazhiyi。

從湯色辨別

大赢家斗地主赚金版gancangdepuershengchachatangshilihongse,jiejinzhonghuowulongchatangse,jishishichenniandepuerchashengcha,biruyijingyouba、jiushilishidelongmapaitongqinglaohaopuercha,tadechatangyansezhilvebiwushiniandehongyinpueryuanchadechatangshenyixie。ershuchadechatangyanseshianlise,shenzhijiejinheise。suoyizaixiandaidechazhongfenleizhong,jiangpuerchalieweiheichalei,shiyinpuershuchadetangseyouguande。

從葉底辨別

gancangdepuershengchaxiedichenglisezhishenlise,hetaiwandedongfangmeirenchaxiediyansehenxiangsi。xietiaozhidibaomanrouruan,chongmanxinxiangan。yipaotongqinglaopuerchadexiedi,keyixianxianchubainianqianneizhongxinxianhuoli。puershuchadexiediduobanchengxiananlihuoheise,xietiaozhidiganshoulaoying。ruguoshifajiaojiaozhongde,huiyoumingxiantanhua,xiangbeiliehuoshaokaoguo。youxiejiaolaodexiezi,xiemianpolie,xiemoyigengenfenli,yourujiangganxiezichangqipaozaishuizhongneizhongsuilandeyangzi。danshi,youxieshucharuowoduishijianbuchang,fajiaochengdubuzhong,xiediyehuifeichangjiejinshengchaxiedi。fanzhi,yeyouxieshengchazaizhizuochengxuzhong,piruchajingrounianhou,wufalijiganzao,yanwulejiaochangshijian,xiediyehuichengxianshenhese,tangseyehuibijiaonongeran,genzhishiqingdufajiaohuiduiguodeshuchashiyiyangde。

普洱茶收藏存放

存儲的物理條件

大赢家斗地主赚金版yi、liutongdekongqi yunnanshengsimaoshipuerchawenhuayanjiuhuifuhuichanghepuerchashihuashuo,liutongdekongqizhongyoujiaoduodeyangfen,youliyuchaxiezhongyixieweishengwudefanyan,yinerkejiasuchaxiebianhua,danbunengjiangpuerchaguazhizaiyangtaishang,zheyangfangzhidecha,chaqidougeichuizou、chaweidougeichuisanle,yinyongqilaiganjuedanranwuwei。

er、hengdingdewendupuerchafangzhidewendubuketaigaohuotaidi,wenduyingyidangdihuanjingweizhu,buyongkeyidirenweichuangzaowendu,zhengchangdeshineiwendujiuhaole,zuihaoshichangnianbaochizaisheshi20~30duzhijian,taigaodewenduhuishichaxiejiasufajiaobiansuan。

大赢家斗地主赚金版san、shidudeshidu“xianzaihaodepuerchadoujiangjiuyao‘gancang’cunfang,‘gancang’jiushizhizaiganshuangdehuanjingzhongcunfang,jishi。”heshihuashuo,taiganzaodehuanjinghuilingpuerchadechenhuabiandehuanman,suoyiyaoyouyidingdeshiqi。zaijiaoweiganzaodehuanjingli,keyizaicunfangchaxiedepangbianbaifangyixiaobeishui,lingkongqizhongshidushaoweizengda。danshitaiguochaoshidehuanjinghuidaozhipuerchadekuaisubianhua,zhezhongbianhuawangwangshi“meibian”,lingchaxiebukeyinyong。

普洱茶收藏與存放方法

大赢家斗地主赚金版puerchayuechenyuexiang,beiyuwei“keyihedegudong”,puerchajuyoujudadeshouzangjiazhihezengzhikongjian,puerchaniandaiyuejiujiageyuegao,kouganyuehao。pinzhihaodepuercha,meiniannengyi10%zhi15%dezengchanglvshengzhi。yunnanxishuangbannamouchangchupin7542haochangguicha(gancanghuo),dangshiyibing(qiliangcha)caimai10yuan,6nianhoushengdaole150duoyuan。yikuaizhong350ke 、cunfangle50niandepuerchabing,shenjiashenzhiguiguoyiliangbentianche。“yuechenyuexiang”shiyouduozhongyinsujuedingde。zhuyaojuedingyuchucundehuanjing、chadebenzhitexing、chenfangdenianxiandeng。youyuchaxiedeteshuxing,qicunfangnianxianzhinengtongguochajiapinchangduanding,meiyoutongyibiaozhun。gengyouxuduobufachangshangliyongxiaofeizhedezhezhongxinli,shicangcuncha,bachaxiefangzaitongfengbuchang、shidujiaogaodehuanjingzhongjiasuchenhuapaozhi。

普洱茶百科,普洱茶知識大全

鑒賞相關

看外觀

kanwaiguan,shouxiankanchaxiedetiaoxing,tiaoxingshifouwanzheng,xielaohuonen,laoxiejiaoda,nenxiejiaoxi;qicixiuganchaqiweijiankanganchasezehejingdu,youzhideyunnanpuersanchadeganchachenxiangxianlu,wuyi、zawei,sezezonghehuohehong,juyourunguangze,hezhongfanhong(suchenghongshu),tiaosuofeizhuang,duansuichashao;zhicidezeshaoyouchenxianghuozhiyouchenqi,shenzhidaisuansouweihuoqitazawei,tiaosuoxijinbuwanzheng,sezeheihe、kuanwuguangze。

看湯色

zhuyaokantangsedeshenqian、mingliang, youzhideyunnanpuersancha,paochudechatanghongnongmingliang,ju“jinquan”,tangshangmiankanqilaiyouyouzhuxingdemo。zhicide,chatanghongerbunong,qianmingliang,wangwanghuanhuiyouchenaiwuzhixuanfuqizhong,youdeshenzhifahei、fawu。

聞氣味

zhuyaocaiqurexiuhelengxiu,rexiukanxiangqidechunyi,lengxiukanxiangqidechijiuxing;youzhiderexiuchenxiangxianzhunongyu,juchunzheng,“qigan”jiaoqiang,lengxiuchenxiangyouchang,shiyizhongganshuangdeweidao。zhicidezeyouchenxiang,danjiazasuansouwei、tiexiushuiweihuoqitazawei,yeyoudeshi“xiumeiwei”。

品滋味

zhuyaoshiconghuashungan、huiganganherunhouganlaiganjue。youzhideziweinongchun、huashun、runhou、huigan,shegenshengjin;zhicidezeziweipingdan,buhuashun,buhuigan,shegenliangceganjuebushi,shenzhichanshengsemagan。

看葉底

大赢家斗地主赚金版zhuyaoshikanxiediseze、xiezhi,kanpaochulaidexiediwanbuwanzheng ,shibushihuanweichirouruandu。youzhidesezehehong、yunliang,huazashao,xiezhangwanzheng,xiezhirouruan,bufubai,buyinghua;zhicidezesezehuaza、fawuqianliang,huoxiezhifubai,yinghua。

普洱茶適宜人群

puerchazhonghanyoufengfudekuangzhiyuansuheyoujiwu。tamenzuoweiyingyangchengfenheyaolichengfenzuoyongyurenti。qiechangqiyinyongpuerchawufuzuoyong。

puerchajingweishengwuzuoyong,dafenziduotangleiwuzhizhuanhuachengledaliangxindekerongxingdantangheguatang。zaijiagongzhongqiweishengsudaliangzengjia。

zhexiewuzhiduitigaorentimianyixitonggongnengyouzhujiweizhongyaodezuoyong,zhexieduiyangshengjianti、yannianyishougongxiaoyouyuqitarenhechalei。

puerchaduiyuyouernengbangzhuxiaohuaxishou,cujinshentishengchang。chaxiezhongdefukeyifangzhiquchideng。qiepuerchanengdiaojieshenjingxitong,rangertongtigaozhuyili。

erqingshaoniantanshi、pianshihuishimouxieyingyangyuansuquefa。ruquexinkenengdaozhigeziaixiao,quemenghuiyingxianggugedeshengchangerdaozhijixing。chatangzhongfuhanduishengchangfayuhexinchendaixiesuobixudekuangwuzhi。

shiliangyinyongpuerchayouyihuanhechangdaojinzhangdu,jiaqiangxiaochangyundong,tigaodanzhi、changyedefenmi。suoyi,puerchashidazhongyinliao,wulunnannvlaoshaojieshihehepuercha。

黃小文
  • 作者:黃小文 關注微信:heicha53
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